How to Study for an English Exam -- powered by
Microsoft Word Document 118.5 KB
TOEFL Writing Prompts 180
TOEFL Writing Prompts 180.doc
Microsoft Word Document 78.0 KB


(David Zhang)


Prompt: It is more important for students to read books about real events than for them to read novels.


       Every year we read a lot of books about many different subjects. Some of the books we read are about real events, and some of them may be fictions. Nowadays, a great number of people believe that it is more important for students to read books about stories that are real rather than fictions like novels. However, with all due respect, I couldn’t agree with them less. Although books about real events are closer to our daily lives, they surely, to some extent, limit our life experience and the ability to create and imagine.

       One of the most popular novels in the current decade is the Harry Potter series. Not only teenagers, but also adults love to read this book because it can teach them so much about life. This is something that you probably will never learn from a confined and trite real life story. For example, by reading the fiction “Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fires”, I learned an important lesson about how to react to tough situations, which was something that I hadn’t learned by reading almost a hundred biographies.

       In accordance with my personal experience, serious scientific studies have shown that reading only books about actual incidents circumscribe a human being’s thought and creativity. The scientists asked two middle school students to read two separate books; one student read a book on real events and the other read a science fiction. Then they assigned the two students to draw a picture about what they think it would be like on the moon a century later. The student who read the real story book only drew some houses and souls while the other student portrayed aliens talking to normal people and spacecrafts flying everywhere. This experiment demonstrates that reading books about real events are not always more important that reading fictions.

       By looking at the two contrasting examples, we can see that for students, reading fictions is just as important as reading books that have authentic contents, even more important. Therefore, we should regard both as equally worthwhile. (about 340 words)

1. abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)
2. be absent from….

3. absence or mind(=being absent-minded)

4. absorb(=take up the attention of)
吸引的注意力(被动语态):be absorbed in 全神贯注于
:be engrossed in ; be lost in ; be rapt in ;be concentrated on ; be focused on ; be centered on
5. (be) abundant in(be rich in; be well supplied with)

6. access(to) (
不可数名词) 能接近,进入,了解 7. by accident(=by chance, accidentally)偶然地,意外. Without accident(=safely) 安全地
8. of one’s own accord(=without being asked; willingly; freely)
自愿地 ,主动地

9. in accord with
一致 . out of one’s accord with ….不一致

10. with one accord (=with everybody agreeing)

11. in accordance with (=in agreement with)

12. on one’s own account 1)
为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益 2)(=at one’s own risk) 自行负责 3)(=by oneself)依靠自己 on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account …..重要性
13. take…into account(=consider)

14. give sb. an account of
说明, 解释 (理由
15. account for (=give an explanation or reason for)
解释, 说明
16. on account of (=because of)
由于,因为. 17. on no account(=in no case, for no reason)绝不要,无论如何不要(放句首时句子要倒装
18. accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth. ; blame sth. on sb. ; complain about)
指控,控告20. be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially) 熟悉

19. be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)
21. act on
奉行,按照行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理

22. adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to)

23. adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need)
改编, 改写(以适应新的需要) 24. in addition (=besides) 此外, , 加之

25. in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)

26. adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, persist in, observe, opinion, belief )
粘附; 坚持, 遵循

27. adjacent(=next to, close to)
毗邻的, 临近的

28. adjust..(to) (=change slightly)
调节; 适应
29. admit of (=be capable of, leave room for) …
30. in advance (before in time)
预告, 事先
31. to advantage
32. have an advantage over
胜过. have the advantage of 由于处于有利条件 have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事

33. take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)
利用. 34. agree with 赞同(某人意见) agree to 同意

35. in agreement (with)
同意, 一致

36. ahead of
之前, 超过…;……………. ahead of time 提前
37. in the air 1)
不肯定, 不具体. 2)在谣传中
38. above all (=especially, most important of all)
尤其是, 最重要的
39. in all (=counting everyone or everything, altogether)
总共, 总计

40. after all
毕竟,到底; (not) at all 一点也不; all at once(=suddenly)突然; once and for all 只此一次; above all 最重要的; first of all 首先; all in all 大体上说; be all in 累极了; all but 几乎. 42. amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于
41. allow for (=take into consideration, take into account)
考虑到, 估计到
43. answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for)
负责. 44. answer to (=conform to) 适合,符合
45. be anxious about
anxious for
46. apologize to sb. for sth.

47. appeal to sb. for sth.
为某事向某人呼吁. appeal to sb. 对某人有吸引力

48. apply to sb. for sth.
申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用
49. apply to
有关;适用 50. approve of (=consent to, be in favor of, favor, agree to, consider good, right) 赞成, approve vt. 批准

51. arise from(=be caused by)
52. arrange for sb./sth. to do sth.

53. arrive on
到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方); 54. be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 为羞耻 55. assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 保证, 使确信. 56. attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) , ,

57. make an attempt at doing sth. (to do sth.)

58. attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)
注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料

59. attitude to/ toward …

60. attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)
..归因于.., 认为....的结果 61. on the average (=on average, on an average) 平均

62. (be) aware of (=be conscious of , having knowledge or consciousness)
意识到,知道. 63. at the back of (=behind) 后面

64. in the back of
后部(里面); on the back of 后部(外面); be on one’s back(=be ill in bed) 卧病不起. 65. at one’s back(=supporting or favoring sb.) 支持,维护; have sb. at one’s back 支持, 作后台

66. turn one’s back on sb. (=turn away from sb. in an impolite way)
不理睬(某人),背弃,抛弃 67. behind one’s back 背着某人(说坏话
68. be based on / upon
基于 69. on the basis of 根据…, 基础上

70. beat…at

71. begin with
开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语
72. on behalf of (=as the representative of)

73. believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth./sb. to be true)
相信,依赖,信仰. 74. benefit (from) 受益,得到好处. 75. for the benefit of 为了的利益(好处
76. for the better
好转 77. get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过
78. by birth
在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生

79. blame sb. for sth.
责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 推在某人身上

80. in blossom
开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作) 81. on board 到船上, 在船上, 上火车或飞机

82. boast of (or about)
吹嘘 83. out of breath 喘不过气来

84. in brief(=in as few words as possible)
简言之 85. in bulk 成批地,不散装的

86. take the floor
起立发言 87. on business 出差办事
88. be busy with sth.
于某事 be busy doing sth. 忙于做某事

89. last but one
倒数第二. 90. but for (=without) 要不是. 表示假设

91. buy sth. for…money

92. be capable of
能够, 有能力 be capable of being +过去分词:是能够被

93. in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost, whatever happens; anyhow)
无论如何 94. in case (=for fear that) 万一
95. in case of (=in the event of)
如果发生万一 in the case of 至于…, 而言

96. in no case
97. be cautious of
谨防 98. center one’s attention on(=focus one’s attention on) 把某人的注意力集中在 99. be certain of (=be sure of) 有把握, 一定
100. for certain of (=for sure )

101. by chance(=accidentally,by accident
偶然102. for a change换换环境(花样等

103. charge sb. with …
104. in charge of (=responsible for)
负责(某事) in the charge of …

105. take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)
106. charge…for
索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有

107. round the clock(=all day and all night, usually without stopping)
昼夜不停地 108. comment on 评论

109. commit oneself to
使自己承担… commit sb. to prison把某人送进监狱; commit one’s idea to writing 把某人的想法写下来; commit a matter to a committee 把某事交给委员会讨论 110. in common (…)有共同之处,共用. be common to sb. 是与某人所共有的 111. keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 要好. 112. compare…with … 比较

113. compare…to…
比作… 114. by comparison 比较起来

115. in comparison with (=in contrast to)

116. compensate for (=give sth. to make up for)
补偿, 赔偿,弥补 compensate sb. for sth. 赔偿,弥补 117. complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维
118. comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.)
遵守, 依从 119. conceive of (think of, imagine, consider) 想象,设想

120. concentrate on (or upon)
集中,专心 121. be concerned with (=about) 有关 122. concern oneself about / with 关心

123. in conclusion(=as the last thing)
最后一点; at the conclusion of 结束时
124. condemn sb. to
判决 125. on condition that (=if)为条件, 假如. in that = because 因为; now that = since 既然;for all that = although 尽管

126. in / out of condition (=thoroughly healthy or fit / not fit)
健康状况好/不好 . in good (bad) condition处于良好()状态 127. confess(to)(=admit a fault, crime, or sth. wrong)承认, 供认; confess to a crime 承认罪行
128. confide in (=to talk freely to sb. about one’s secret)
讲真心话, 依赖

129. in confidence
推心置腹地; with confidence 满怀信心地; have confidence in 有信心 130. confidence in sb. / sth. 的信赖

131. be confident of
有信心; confidential 机密的 132. confine…to… 限制在某范围内 133. confirm sb. in 使某人更坚定(信念等
134. conform to (=be in agreement with, comply with)
符合,遵照,遵守;1)obey服从; 2) observe; 3)comply with; 4)keep to遵循; 5)abide by服从;6)stick to.. 135. be confronted with(=be brought face to face with) 面对, 面临

136. congratulate sb. on

137. in connection with(=with regard to)
138. be conscious of(=be aware of)

139. consent to(=give agreement to permission)

140. in consequence (=as a result)

141. in consequence of (=as a consequence of)

142. under consideration

143. in consideration of (=in return for, on account of, because of )

144. on no consideration(in no case)

145. take…into consideration (=take account of, take…into account)
考虑到, 考虑进去 146. considerate (=thoughtful of the needs) 体贴的, 考虑他人需要的, considerable相当大的,值得考虑的

147. consist of(=be composed of)
组成的. consist in主要在于. consist with符合,一致 148. be consistent with(=be in agreement with)一致. be consistent in一贯的, 149. consult sb. on/ about sth. 征求方面的意见, 请教 150. to one’s heart’s content尽情地,痛痛快快

151. be content with(=be satisfied with)
满足于be content to do sth. 愿意做某事 152. contrary to (=in opposition to) 相反

153. on the contrary
相反 154. contrast…with 相对(对照
155. in contrast to/with
形成对比;by contrast 对比之下

156. contribute to
有助于 157. under control ()控制住 out of control无法控制

158. at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one)
在方便的时间或地点 . be convenient to / for 方便

159. convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)
使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做

160. cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)
应付, 处理

161. in the corner(of)
在角落里;on(at) the comer of a street在街道拐弯处;round the comer拐过弯; be in a tight corner陷入困境

162. correspond (with) ( =exchange letters regularly)

163. correspond to
相当于 . correspond with 符合,一致

164. at all costs
不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 为代价

165. a matter of course

166. as a matter of course
当然地, 自然地

167. in (during) the course
过程中 168. in due course (=without too much delay) 没经过太久, 到一定时候 169. on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使感到光荣

be critical of 爱挑毛病的,批评的

171. cure sb. of+
某种疾病 治好某人的疾病

a danger to的危险; be in danger(of)处于危险中; be out of danger脱离危险 173. to date(=so far, until now) 到目前为止

174. out of date
过时的;up to date新式的,时兴的; date back to可追溯到; date from从某时期开始() 175. deal with (=concern) 论及 176. be in debt to sb. 的债

177. on the decline
在衰退中, 在减少中 in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加

178. to one’s delight
令某人感到高兴;to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇
179. delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)
喜欢, 取乐

180. take (a) delight in
喜欢干…, 为乐

181. demand sth. of sb.
向某人要求(非物质的)东西. demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西 demand有需求;on demand受到要求时

183. be dependent on
依靠 184. deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物

185. derive…from(=obtain…from)
取得,来的.derive from(=come from)起源于 186. despair of (=lose all hope of) 绝望 187. in despair 绝望

188. despite (=in spite of)
不管, 尽管 189. in detail 详细地

190. deviate from
偏离, 不按 191. on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食

192. differ from…in
的区别在于… 193. in difficulties…有困难,处境困难
194. discharge sb. (from)…for (=dismiss sb. from a job for)
解雇, 开除

195. fall back (=retreat, turn back)
撤退; in disorder 慌乱地, 狼狈不堪

196. on display(=being shown publicly)

197. dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)

198. beyond dispute

199. in dispute
在争议中 200. in the distance 在远处. make out 辩认出

201. (be) distinct from ( = be different from)

202. distinguish between (=make or recognize differences)

203. distinguish…from

204. do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate)
除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压 205. have…to do with 有关系

206. without doubt (=undoubtedly)

207. in doubt(=in a condition of uncertainty)

208. be due to
是由于 209. come off duty 下班 210. go on duty 上班

211. be on duty
值班, 值日, 在上班时

212. be in duty bound to (do) (=be required by one’s job or esp. by conscience)
有义务() 213. be eager for 想得到, 盼望

214. by ear (=play music from memory without having seen it printed)
凭记忆,不看乐谱 215. have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)..有鉴赏力 216. a word in one’s ear 私房话, 秘密话

217. on earth
究竟, 到底, 全然 218. with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力

219. at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness)

220. put sb. at his / her ease (=free sb. from worry or nervousness)
使某人感到无拘束 221. economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省

222. have an effect on
有影响 223. be in effect (=be in operation) 有效

224. go into effect
生效. ( : come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect) 225. in effect (=in fact, really) 实际上

226. give effect to (=carry out)

227. to no effect

228. (be) of no effect (=useless)

229. to the effect that
大意是…,主要内容是… 230. to that effect 是那个意思的

231. emerge from ( =appear, become known )
出现, 暴露(问题. 意见等
232. place(or put, lay) an emphasis on
强调, 把重点放在

233. encourage sb. in
鼓励; encourage sb. in his/her work 鼓励某人工作; encourage sb. in his/her idleness 怂恿某人游手好闲

234. encourage sb. in …with sth.

235. on end (=continuously)
连续地 236. (be) at an end (=finished) 结束了

237. no end of (=very many/much)

238. in the end (=finally, eventually)

239. at one’s wit’s end (=not knowing what to do or to say)
无法可想, 智穷计尽

240. end up with
而结束 241. come to and end (=finish) 结束

242. end in
为结束 243. engage in be engaged in 忙于,从事

244. enter for (=put the name on a list for)

245. enter into (=begin)
开始(谈话, 谈判等
246. enter on / upon (=begin)
开始 (一个时代. 一种生涯. 一段任期等
247. be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)

248. be equal to

249. be/ feel equal to (=have enough strength, ability etc.) (
某人)能胜任,能应付 on equal terms(=on and equal footing平等地 equipped with 装备有,装有

高考英语考试必备734个高频词组 []

281. in the twinkling of an eye

282. keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)

283. in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of )
在某人看来, 在某人眼里 284. on the face of it (=judging by what one can see) 表面看来

285. in the face of
286. in one’s face
当着某人的面; face to faced面对面; face up to 大胆面向

287. fail in (=be unsuccessful in)

288. in good faith(=honestly, sincerely)
真诚地 289. keep faith with 守信用

290. lose faith in
失去信心 291. on faith 毫无怀疑地, 依赖地

292. faithful to (=loyal to)
忠诚 293. fall into the habit (of) 养成习惯

294. fall short of (=fail to reach a desired result, standard, etc.)
没达到, 低于

295. familiar with
熟悉,了解 296. have a fancy for ( =like sth. without the help of reason) (没有道理地)喜欢, 想要 297. take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢

298. by far
, 非常 (与比较级或最高级连用) 299. far from 远远不是

300. far from
非但不…(而且) 301. in fashion(=stylish, most modern)时兴,流行

302. after the fashion (of)
依照…304. at fault (=in the wrong, blamable)有错

303. find fault with(=complain about; criticize)

305. in favour of

306. be in favour with
受宠, 受偏爱; out of favour with 失宠, 不受宠

307. in one’s favour(=to one’s advantage)

308. (be) favourable to(=advantageous)

309. fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.)

310. for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about)
以防, 由于怕

311. in fear of (=afraid for the safety of)

312. feed (sb.) on sth.
靠吃…, 喂养

313. be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull)
厌烦, 腻了

314. feel like (=have a desire for)
想要 315. fill in 填写

316. fill out ( =fill in )
填写 317. set the world on fire=set the flames on fire(=do sth. remarkable)有突出成就 318. play with fire (=take great risks)干冒险事

319. set sth. on fire(=set fire to sth.)

320. at first sight(=when first seen)

321. for the first time
第一次 (作状语) 322. in the first place 首先, 第一

323. fit into
刚好放入324. fit in with ( = suit , fall into agreement合适,相配 一致

325. (be) fit for (=right and suitable for)

326. focus on (=concentrate on)
集中在上;focus sth. on 集中在

327. be fond of
喜欢 328. (be) in force 有效 , 实施 329. go into force 开始生效

330. by force
靠武力, 强行 331. force…on 强加给

332. in the form of
形式 333. be fortunate in 幸运,有好运气

334. free of charge
免费 335. be freed from 免受, 没有

336. in front of
前面 in the front of 前部

337. furnish…with (=supply)

338. in general (=in most cases, usually)

339. catch (or get) a glimpse of
瞥见(强调结果) take a glance(or look) at看一眼(强调动作) 340. be good for 有好处;有作用;be good at 擅长于; be good to 341. in good time(=early)早早地(做完.到达等
342. for good (=for ever)
永远地, 长期地

343. take…for granted (=assume to be true)
344. be grateful to sb. for sth

345. on the ground(s) fo (=because of)

346. fall to the ground (

347. on one’s guard(against)
谨防, 警惕;(be) on guard 站岗

348. guard against (=defend, keep safe)
警惕,防止 guard…against 警卫防止

349. guess at
, 估计 350. by guess 靠猜 351. be guilty of 犯有罪或过失

352. be in the habit of
习惯于 353. break off (a habit) 改掉(某种习惯
354. break sb. of (a habit)
355. get (fall) into the habit of

356. come to a halt (=stop)
停止; 停住 357. at hand 在手边, 眼前(附近
358. by hand
用手工() 359. hand in glove(with) 狼狈为奸, 密切合作

360. in hand 1)
在手边 2)(=under control)控制住

361. in the hands of
掌握, 控制, 负责

362. live from hand to mouth

363. at the head of

364. head for (=move towards)

365. hear of (=know about)
听人说起, 听说过

366. at heart (=in reality)
内心里, 实际上

367. in one’s heart (of hearts)

368. by heart (=by memory)
熟记, (
369. to one’s heart’s content

370. with all one’s heart

371. hinder…form(=stop…from)

372. be (go) on holiday
go on holiday = go for a holiday
373. be (feel) at home (=to be comfortable; not feel worried)
感觉合适,无拘束,熟悉 374. be honest in诚实 375. in one’s honour (or in honour of)祝贺,纪念

376. on one’s honour
以某人的名誉担保 377. hope for 希望(某事发生),希望有

378. to one’s horror
令某人感到恐惧的是 379. in a hurry (=hastily) 匆忙地

380. be identical with(=exactly alike)

381. be identified with
被视为与等同 382. in ignorance of 不知道

383. be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge)

384. (an) impact (on)
的强烈影响 385. impose…on 强加给

386. impress…on
387. make (leave) an impression on sb. =give sb. an impression

388. under the impression that

389. improve sth.(make sth. better)
把原物改进;improve on(=produce or be sth. better than…) 另做一物比原物更好

390. improve in (=get better)
有改进, 好些

391. improvement in

392. include…in
列在里面 393. inclusive of 包括在内

394. independent of
独立的,不受约束的 395. indicative of 表明, 说明

396. be indifferent to (=not interested in)
漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎

397. (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value)
; superior to

398. inform sb. of sth.
通知, 告诉 399. be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的

400. insist on (=order sth. to happen)

401. instead of (=in place of)

402. instruct…in (=teach)

403. insure…for
保险(多少钱); ensure 使安全; assure…(of) 使确信,保证

404. insure…against
保险以防 405. intend…for 打算把

406. (be) intent on
专心致志, 坚决

407. in the interests of
符合的利益;be interested in 感兴趣

408. interfere in
干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰

409. at intervals
每隔一会儿, 每隔一段距离 410. intervene in 干预

411. invest in

412. be involved in (=become connected or concerned)
卷入, 参加

413. by itself (=alone, without help)

414. in itself
本身; of itself 自发,自然 415. be jealous of 妒忌

416. jump at (=to be eager to accept)
417. jump on (=scold, tell of)

418. junior to sb.
年纪较, 职位较. 419. (be) keen on 喜爱, 渴望

420. keep a close watch on ( =keep a sharp lookout for)

421. keep…to oneself(=keep secret)

422. to(the best of) one’s knowledge

423. at large(=at liberty, free)
在逃, 逍遥法外 at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上 at large(=at full length; with details)详细地

424. lean against (
)靠着… 425. at least 至少; at most 至多

426. (not) in the least
一点(也不), 丝毫(也不
427. at one’s leisure

428. lend itself/themselves to
429. at length (=after a long time, at last)
终于;at length (=in detail, thoroughly)详细地 430. go to any length想一切办法, 尽一切力量

431. be liable to (=be subject to)
432. be liable for
应负责任的 433. lie in 在于 434. in life 一生中

435. for life

436. in the light of (=considering; taking into account)
考虑到, 根据

437. throw light on ( = make clear, explain)
使更为清楚, 提供线索, 阐明

438. in line with(=in agreement with)

439. long for(=want very much)

440. for long
441. before long (=soon)
不久, 过了不久以后
442. in the long run (=in the end)
从长远来说,最后; in the short term (从短期来说
443. (be) at a loss
不知所措 444major in 主修(某课程)

445. as a matter of fact
实际上, 事实是

446. by all means (=at all costs)
不惜一切.(=certainly) 当然行;by means of…; by no means 完全不, 决不 447. on memory of 为纪念

448. on the mend (=in the process of recovering)
好转, 在康复中

449. mention sth. to sb.

450. at the mercy of (=in the power of)
摆布, 支配下

451. be in a mess
乱七八糟, 处境困难;make a mess of 弄乱, 打乱

452. bear(or keep)…in mind(=remember)

453. bring(or call)to mind(=remember)

454. by mistake(

455. at the moment (=now)
此刻,现在;for the moment (=for the time being)暂时;just a moment 稍等片刻;at the last moment 在最后一刻

456. in the mood for
457. no more…than

458. for the most part

459. at (the) most
最多, 至多 460. make the most of 充分利用

461. be not much of(=not a good)
不是很好的be something of 有点…,

462. name after

463. native to
所产的 464. by nature 天生的, 生来

465. in mature
本质上 466. (be) in the nature of 性质

467. none other that
不是别人,正是… 468. above normal 高于正常(温度
469. for nothing (=free, without payment)

470. nothing but
只有, 不过而已

471. to say nothing of(=not to mention)

472. do sth. at short notice

473. until further notice

474. take notice of (=pay attention)

475. object to (=be opposed to)
反对 476. objection to (接动名词) 反对

477. on occasion(=now and then)

478. by occasion of (=because of)
由于 479. occupy oneself with (in) 忙于(某事
480. it occurs to sb. that…

481. once and for all =once and forever
永远地;all at once (=suddenly, now) 立即,马上;once in a while (=occasionally) 偶尔;(just) for once 就这一次

482. (all) by oneself
483. operate on sb.
给某人做手术;operation n. come/ go into operation开始运转;put/bring sth. into operation 使投产,运转

484. be of the opinion
持有的看法 485. in one’s opinion 按某人的看法

486. be opposed to…
反对… 487. be opposite to 相反的

488. (be) in order(=acceptable)
合适的,恰当的;in order 井井有条,处于良好状态; out of order(=in bad condition)出毛病,发生故障

489. made to order
490. originate in/from(=begin)

491. on the outskirts (of)
在城郊 492. owe…to 归于

493. on one’s own (=along, without help)
单独 494. of one’s own某人自己的

495. keep pace with
齐步前进496. go to great pains=take pains 下功夫,努力

497. part with (=give up, sell)
舍弃,卖掉 498. participate in (=take part in)参加

499. (be) particular about
500. in particular (=especially)
特别是,尤其 501. (a) passion for 的热爱,热情

502. be patient with
耐心 503. pay for 赔偿, 付款, 报偿, 处罚

504. pay…for

505. (be) at peace with
和睦相处;in peace (=peacefully)安静,平安

506. peculiar to…
特有的, 独具的 507. penalty for 的处罚,罚金

508. perform on the piano(=play the piano)

509. persist in
坚持,固执 510. in person 亲自, 当面

511. in place (in right or proper place)

512. in place of (=instead of)
代替 513. take(a) pleasure in 喜欢做某事

514. be on the point of doing sth. (=be about to do sth.)

515. beside the point
不切正题,无关紧要516. come to the point 谈主要问题

517. there is no point in doing sth.

518. to the point
中肯, 切题 519. point at (=indicate, direct attention)指着 point out (=indicate, show) 指出,指明 520. popular with/among大众所喜爱的,拥戴

521. in the position of
处在位置上 522. in practice 实际上(状语);业务熟练(表语
523. be(get) out of practice

524. bring(put)…into practice

525. prefer…to… (choose rather, like better)
宁要, 更喜欢

526. prepare for breakfast
准备吃早饭 prepare breakfast 作早饭

527. in the presence of

528. for the present(=for the time being, for now)
暂且,就现在来说; at present现在,此刻 529. preside over / at 主持(会议,业务等
530. prevail over
占优势, 压倒, 战胜 531. prevent…from 使, 防止

532. previous to (=prior to)

533. take pride in(=pride oneself on)

534. pride oneself on / upon

535. in principle (=only in regard to the main idea)

536. prior to (=before)

537. in private (=privately)
私下, 秘密地;in public 公开地

538. proceed from (=arise from, result from)
发出, 引起(产生
539. proceed with ( =begin and continue sth.)

540. in progress(=in the state of be done)

541. prohibit…from (=forbid)
禁止, 阻止 542. in proportion to 成比例

543. protect…from
阻止..不受,保护不受 544. be proud of 自豪

545. provide for
做准备 546. in public 公开地, 当众

547. on purpose(=by intention, deliberately)

548. to the purpose (=useful for one’s purpose)
得要领的, 中肯的

549. be qualified in
在某种科目或学科上合格;be qualified for 在某种职业上合格

550. call…in question

551. beyond (all) question (=without question)

552. out of the question (=impossible)

553. in question (=under discussion)
554. without question
毫无疑问 555. be caught in the rain 被雨淋了

556. at random (=without aim or purpose)
随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地

557. range over (=cove, include)

558. range between

559. at any rate (=at all events)

560. beyond the reach of

734个高频词组(考试必备)下 561. out of reach of 无法够到. within reach of (or within one’s reach) 够得到,能拿到 562. react to 作出反应
563. react on / upon
产生影响 564. react against 作出反抗或反对反应

565. (be) ready for
准备好做… 566. in reality (=in fact, really) 事实上

567. beyond all reason
没有道理的 568. by reason of (=because of) 由于,因为

569. it stands to reason that …
理所当然 570. reason with (=argue) 劝说

571. in the red
亏损,负债,赤字;(be) get out of red 不再亏损

572. refer to…as
称做… 573. refer…to… (=send, take) 送交,呈交

574.with/in reference to(=concerning, about)

575. with/in regard to (=concerning)

576. give one’s regards to sb.

577. regardless of (=without worrying about, despite, in spite of)

578. in/with relation to
关于, 有关

579. relevant to
有关的 580. to one’s relief 感到放心的是

581. relieve…of…
解除,解脱;帮助拿,辞退 582. rely on 依靠, 信赖

583. remark on(upon)
发表评论 584. remedy for 治疗法, 补救, 药物

585. remind sb. of

586. in good repair(=in good condition)
处于良好状态; be under repair 在修理中

587. reply to
答复, 回答

588. beyond reproach
不受责备的;beyond(all) reason毫无道理;beyond question毫无疑问;beyond belief以相信;beyond hope绝望

589. resort to
诉诸于.., 求助于resort to force 诉诸于武力

590. in/with respect to (=concerning)

591. respond to
反应, 响应, ()有效

592. in response to(=as an answer to)

593. be response for
负责, 是造成原因

594. rest on/upon(=be supported by)

595. rest with (=be in hand of)
手中, 的责任; 决定; 依靠

596. restrain…from(=hold back from)
597. restrict…to(=keep within limits)
598. result in (=cause)
导致 599. with the result that 其结果是

600. in return (for)
作为报答; 以报答(for) 601. get rid of 摆脱, 去掉, 除去 in the right
正确的;in the wrong错误的

603. be within one’s rights(to do)
604. give rise to (=lead to)
引起, 导致

605. at the risk of(=with danger of)

606. run(take)risk of (=do sth dangerous)

607. rule out (=exclude, eliminate)

608. in safety

609. for the sake of ( =for the good or advantage of )

610. be for sale
待售 611. on sale (=offered to be sold) 出售, 上市

612. be satisfied with
满意 613. on a large scale 大规模地

614. on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)
按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间

615. be schedule for
定在某时(进行) 616. scrape through(in) 勉强通过

617. from scratch(=from the beginning)

618. in search of
寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持… 619. in season 旺季

620. in secret
秘密地; in private 私下

621. senior to
年长; junior to ; superior to 更好; inferior to

622. in a sense

623. sensitive to
敏感; sensible (of)觉察到的; sensational耸人听闻的

624. in sequence
按顺序, 按先后次序

625. share in (=have a share in)
分摊, 分担

626. share sth. with

627. be shocked at / by
感到震惊 628. fall short of 达不到

629. go short of (=be without enough of)

630. for short (in a short form)

631. in short (=in a few words, in brief)
简称 632. in short supply 供应不足

633. be short of (=lacking enough)

634. be shy of
难为情, 不好意思 635. at the side of 相比

636. take the side of

637. catch the sight of (=see for a moment)
瞥见 638. at the sight of 一看见

639. (be)in sight (=in view, visible)
看得见;out of sight 看不见

640. know sb. by sight
只面熟 641. on the sly (=secretly) 偷偷地

642. smell of
的气味 643. be sorry about/for 懊悔的,后悔的,难过的

644. speak ill of
的坏话;speak well of 的好话

645. specialize in
专门研究, 专攻 646. in spite of (=despite) 尽管

647. on the pot(=at the place of the action)
在现场, 在出事地点; (=at once) 立即 648. take a stand against 采取某种立场反对;take a stand for 采取某种立场支持… 649. stare at 目不转睛地看, 凝视, 盯着

650. in step
步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐 651. stick sth. on 贴在

652. stick to
粘着, 坚持 653. stick at (=continue to work hard at)继续勤奋地致力于…;stick one’s work坚持工作; stick at one’s books 勤奋读书

654. stick to (=refuse to leave or change)
坚持; stick to one’s promise 比喻食言;stick to one’s friend 忠于朋友

655. in stock
…. 656. be strict with 严格要求

657. be/go on strike
罢工 658. subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受.. subject (adj.) to 易受到 659. submit…to 提交 660. substitute…for 代替

661. suffer from
; 苦痛 662. be suitable for (=fit) 合适

663. in sum
大体上, 总之 664. supply sb. with sth 向某人提供某物

665. superior to
优于…, 666. in support of 以便支持

667. be sure of (=have no doubt; certain)

668. for sure / certain (certainly, definitely)

669. make sure about
弄清, 弄确实

670. be surprised at
..惊奇;take…by surprise使惊奇; to one’s surprise使某人惊奇 671. suspect sb. of 疑心某犯有

672. be suspicious of (=not trusting)

673. by sympathetic to/towards

674. sympathize with sb. or sth.

675. be in sympathy with
赞同,同情 676. taste of 味道

677. in good taste
)in bad taste
678. to(one’s) taste
的口味, 中意

679. tell…from (=recognize)

680. in terms of (=with regard to; respectively)
按照, 根据, 方面

681. be on good/bad terms with
682. thank sb. for sth.

683. think of(=have the idea of)
想到;(=consider)考虑; (=remember)想起

684. on second thoughts

685. be through with (=finish with)

686. at one time
过去一度, 以前曾经

687. behind the times (
思想,看法)落后于时代;behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点

688. for the time being (=temporarily)

689. in time(for) (=early or soon enough)
及时;on time (=punctually) 准时

690. at no time
无论何时也不in on time (=very quickly) 立即,马上

691. at times (=occasionally)
间或, 时常 at all times (=always) 始终, 总是

692. at a time
一次, 每次; 同时 693. on top of 上面

694. in total (=all have been added up)

695. be in touch with
有接触, 有联系;be out of touch with 没有联系或接触 696. be true of适合于;be true to 忠于

697. to trust …to
委托给 698. place (put, have) trust in 依赖

699. in truth
事实上, 实在 700. by turns 轮换地

701. in turn (=successively; in order)
依次 702. be typical of 的特点

703. for use
以便使用 704. be in use (=be used)被使用; be out of use (=be on longer used)不再被使用 705. be used to+名词或动名词 : 习惯于 used to+动词原形 : 过去常常() 706. be unprepared for 无准备的

707. in vain (=uselessly)
徒劳 708. be valid for 有效的

709. in the vicinity
在附近; in close vicinity to 在靠近的地方; in the vicinity of 大约 710. with a view to +动名词 (=in order to do sth.) 为目的

711. in view (=in sight)

712. in view of (=considering)
考虑到in the view of 的意思

713. by/in virtue of (=as a result of, by means of)
由于…; 依靠力量

714. a warning against
告诫不要;a warning of 警告存在

715. (be) on the watch for
不断监视看有没有..(be) on the watch against不断监视为防范… 716. be in the way (=obstructive) 碍事, 阻碍

717. (be)under way (=moving forward)

718. by way of (=by going through)

719. by the way(=in addition)
720. in no way
无论怎样也不… 721. in the way 方式

722. in a way
从某种程度上说 723. as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论

724. on the whole (=generally, for the most part)

725. against one’s will
违心地, 违背意愿地;at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地

726. wish for
渴望某物;hope for 想要某物

727. “with+
名词+分词 构成复合结构,作状语

728. word for word (=literally)

729. in a word
总之;in other words 换言之; have a word with sb.谈一谈; have words with sb.争吵;have the last word有决定权;keep one’s word 遵守诺言

730. work out ideas
出主意;work out the amount of…计算出的数量;work out a problem解决问题;work out a puzzle解谜

731. at the thought of
一想到…worry about担心

732. at (the) worst
在最糟的情况下 733. yield to 屈服,投降,让步,顺从

734. be worthy of (=be deserving of)
值得,够得上, 配得上













IELTS Writing:



You have had a bank account for a few years. Recently you received a letter from the hank stating that your account is $240 overdrawn and that
you will he charged $70 which will he taken directly from your account. You know that this information is incorrect.

Write a letter to the bank. Explain what has happened and say what you would like them to do about it.

*       You should write at least 150 words.

*       You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

*       You do NOT need to write your own address.