SAT写作素材

哥白尼

Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543) was a mathematician and astronomer who proposed that the sun was stationary in the center of the universe and the earth revolved around it. Disturbed by the failure of Ptolemy's geocentric model of the universe to follow Aristotle's requirement for the uniform circular motion of all celestial bodies and determined to eliminate Ptolemy's equant, an imaginary point around which the bodies seemed to follow that requirement, Copernicus decided that he could achieve his goal only through a heliocentric model. He thereby created a concept of a universe in which the distances of the planets from the sun bore a direct relationship to the size of their orbits. At the time Copernicus's heliocentric idea was very controversial; nevertheless, it was the start of a change in the way the world was viewed, and Copernicus came to be seen as the initiator of the Scientific Revolution.

Theme:Cooperation

Subject: Paul Revere

Detail:

Our perspective towards Paul Revere just illustrates this point. According to the romantic legend, he, galloping in the dark from one farm house to another, alerted the people to the coming British. And of course the story emphasized the courage of one man, made him a hero in our history books. However, his heroism required a matrix of others who were already well-prepared to mobilize against the oppressor and he was just one part of a pre-arranged plan. Heroes like Revere have no usefulness apart from a society primed to act.

Theme:Competition

Thesis: Competition stimulates people to develop.

Subject: The Cold War

Detail:

After WWII,the Cold War between democracy and communism started in many aspects, including economy,culture and especially arms and space exploration. On October 4, 1957,the successful launch of Sputnik-1 indicated to the world that the Soviet Union had taken the lead in space exploration. It also caused fear that this technology would allow the Soviet Union to launch nuclear weapons into space. In response, the United States established the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), embarking on a quest to the moon where Neil Armstrong took his revolutionary first steps in 1969.

Theme:Conscience

Thesis:Conscience is a more powerful motivation than money,fame and power.

Subject: Raoul Wallenberg

Detail:

Raoul Wallenberg was a young Swedish aristocrat. In 1944 he left the safety of his country and entered Budapest. Over the next year he outwitted the Nazis and saved as many as 100,000 Jews (he was not himself Jewish) from the death camps. In 1945 he was arrested by the Russians, charged with spying, and imprisoned in a Russian labor camp.

Theme: Pursuit

Thesis: Effort is involved in pursuing any goal valuable, even if the goal is not reached.

Subject: Van Gogh Vincent

Detail:

In his early years, Van Gogh Vincent clerked in a bookshop in Dordrecht; then, he was convinced that the ministry ought to be his vocation, and entered a religious seminary in Brussels. He left 3 months later to become an evangelist in a poor mining section of Belgium. Van Gogh exhibited the zeal and devotion of a martyr, even giving away his clothes, but his religious fanaticism and a lack of charisma as a preacher marked him for failure despite his humanitarian intentions and his sincere devotion to the poor and the sick.

Because of his eccentricities alienated the miners, and he was dismissed in July, 1879. This period was a dark one for Van Gogh. He wished to give himself to others but was constantly being rejected. After experiencing a total spiritual crisis, he found a clear direction in the future: he was strongly, even obsessively, eager to be an artist, an ideal to which he devoted the rest of his short life.

 

Theme:Success

Thesis:Success can be disastrous.

Subject:The Manhattan Project

Detail:

At the end of WWII,despite Japan’s heavy losses,the leaders in Japan was reluctant to surrender.When Truman became president,he was informed of the U.S gorvenment’s secret Manhattan Project which had designed an atomic bomb.On August 6,1945,the United States dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima,resulting in nearly 130,000 casualties and the leveling of 90% of the city.Three days later,with no response from Japan,Truman authorized the second dropping on Nagasaki,killing and wounding over 75,000 people.While this policy successfully ended the Pacific War which may cause even greater losses,it was a catastrophe to the local people who suffered from this atomic annihilation.It succeeded in bringing peace to the world at the cost of millions of innocent lives.

Example also serves:Great success requires great loss.

SAT写作素材:The Roaring Twenties

Thesis:A seeming success may cause a bad consequence.

Subject:The Roaring Twenties

Detail:

The Roaring Twenties was a decade charaterized by a seemingly strong economy. “The nation was nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever before in the history of any land.”as President Hoover stated.            However,overproduction and underconsumption contributed to the desperate conditions of farmers, and unsound stock practice meant that the price of securities had risen far beyond the value benhind them.  All these factors together lauched America into the Great Depression,a time of high unemployment and prevalent pessimism dominated the country.The fragile economy that masked with a widespread optimism turned the country into a purgatory.

 

 

Theme:challenge authority

Thesis: Questioning authority makes a society stronger.

Subject 1: Progressive Era & Civil Rights Movement

The Progressive era,for example,is a time during which from president to muckrakers,all aspects of American society paid numerous efforts to improve the way people live.President Theodore Roosevelt,who believed in equal opportunity and adherence to the spirit of law,ordered his Attorney General to bring suits against the growing monopolies which exercised enormous control both in economy and in political sphere. Journalists exposed a variety of problems in the society to the public,such as Upton Sinclair,who wrote about the unsanitary conditions in the meatpacking industry which eventually led to the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act.

Another example comes from the Civil Rights Movement which set the stage for the progress and turmoil of the 1960s.At that time,despite the American creed of “equality for all”,segregation was prevalent in the South. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka questioned the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Fergusor that “the doctrine of separate but equal has no place”,and the successfully overrule of this decision encouraged civil rights workers to press for equality and freedom.

Subject 2: Copernicus's heliocentric theory & 1992 LA riotscuus

When Darwin first declared that the wide variety of animal species was due to a process of development over many millennia, he challenged the traditional Christian belief and outraged the religious fundamentalists. Mass resistance to authority can escalate to violent protest and rioting, during which innocent people are hurt and their property damaged and destroyed.

 

SAT写作素材分享:The Critical Period

Theme:disadvantage/obstacle/advisity

Thesis:Every fresh crisis we encounter is an opportunity in disguise.

Subject:The Critical Period!

The Critical Period was a decade during which the United States underwent a hardship under the Article of Confederation.The Articles had weakness that hampered efficient operation of the gorvernment:with no provision for an executive branch,it lacked the ability to enforce laws that Congress passed,the Congress had no power to collect taxes,raise a military,coin money,or regulate interstate commerce.The desperate condition of people was made plain by the Shay’s rebellion and several meetings held by some states to modify the tariff walls that had been erected by each of the 13 states against imports from any orther states.The new nation was staggering. The Founding Fathers,who hoped to make America one place in world where freedom and love of humankind could flourish,soon realized the powerless central government under the confederation forms of country was undesirable and impratical.It turned out to the Philadephia Convention of 1787,which produced one of “the most wonderful work ever struck off at a given time by the brain and purpose of man ”---The Constituition of United States.It established a federal forms of government that has a seperation of power among legislature,judicious and executive branch and a division of power between states and central government.Further more,it sets a great precedent for future generations seeking liberty and freedpm as Amerca did. Example also serves : Dissatisfaction motivates people to change

SAT写作素材:Environment & Economic

SAT写作素材分享 Theme: Change Thesis: The world isnt always changing for better. Subject 1: Environment pollution Economic inequality Since the Industrial Revolution,our encironment has been in imminent danger.For example,a dramatic summer

 

SAT写作素材分享

Theme: Change

Thesis: The world isn’t always changing for better.

Subject 1: Environment pollution & Economic inequality

Since the Industrial Revolution,our environment has been in imminent danger.For example,a dramatic summer drought helped the public to focus on the greenhouse effect,which is caused by an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide released by burning fossil fuels like coals,gasoline products and rapid deforestation.Along with the rapid technology advance is the emergence of acid rain,ecological waste and natural disasters, such as flood and hurricane.

Not only to environment,but also to some people, changes in today’s seemingly progressive world are not always good.The booming America saw a growing economic inequality.In 2004,the number of millionaire households in America increased by 14% as the number of people living below the poverty line rose to about 37 million.The annual budget passed by Congress in 2005 severely cut programs essential to struggling families,including child assistance and medicaid funding for the poor.Left in such desperate condition, the poor could hardly appreciate these changes.

Subject 2 : Technology changes

Detail: In a culture which emails,cell phones and internet chat room have become everyday modes of communication,we are on the verge of breaking down all barriers to the complete and constant transfer of information.But if we seem to be moving toward unfetter union,we could also be seen more isolated as individuals than we have ever been before. Changes in technology definitely make our lives easier,as shopping at home becomes easier than driving to the store,as meeting people online eliminates the need to spend a lot of time traveling,and as faxing someone a blueprint gets rid of necessity of meeting to disscuss a plan.However,the very techonology that purports to make connections and bring people closer together is helping them drift apart.One can absolutely recall some scenes which you was sitting alone in your bedroom busily talking to someone on msn whild rejecting the proposal to shop with your families or you was having lunch with friends while talking to someone else on your cellphones.All these convenient technologies including online services that prevent us from going out and meeting a real person,and cellphones that reduce the real human interaction,do not necessarily make us better.

Example 2 also serves:The benefit of technology dose not always outweigh the cost.

 

SAT写作素材:The Crusades

SAT写作素材分享 Theme:both sides of an issue Thesis:Everything has its benefit and its drawback Subject:The Crusades Detail: The Crusades, profoundly altering European history, were a series of attacks organized by Western Christians in or

 

SAT写作素材分享

Theme:both sides of an issue

Thesis:Everything has its benefit and its drawback

Subject:The Crusades

Detail: The Crusades, profoundly altering European history, were a series of attacks organized by Western Christians in order to take control of the holy city of Jerusalem from Muslim powers. Although they generally failed in their chief purpose, the Crusades exercised an immense influence on Western civilization by bringing the West into closer contact with new ways of living and thinking--stimulating commerce, giving fresh impetus to literature and invention, and increasing geographical knowledge.

Example also serves:It is really impossible to fail.

SAT写作素材

Theme:creativity/curiosity

Subject:Henry Ford

Henry ford,one of the most influential inventors in the history, was always inattentive in school when he was young. Once ,he and a friend took a watch apart to probe the principle behind it. Angry and upset, the teacher punished both of them to stay after school. Their punishment was to stay until they had fixed the watch. However, the teacher knew nothing about young Ford’s ingenuity,in ten minutes,this mechanical wizard had repaired the watch and was on his way home.It was imagination that invigorated Ford to make a thorough inquiry about things he did not know.He once plugged up the spout of a teapot and placed it on the fire, then he waited to see what would happen. The water boiled and, of course, turned to steam. Since the steam had no way to escape, the teapot exploded. Ford’s curiosity and years of tinkering paid off,when he built his imagination of horseless carriage into reality. From then on, the history of transportation was changed forever.

SAT写作素材

Theme: Opinion

Thesis: Nothing is accepted by everyone.

Subject: Darwin's Origin of Species -1859

Detail:

Charles Darwin shocked the world with his theory of evolution as proposed in Origin of Species. He explained that, over time, species adapt to their environment in order to survive and then pass along these acquired traits to future generations in a process known as “natural selection.” Although his ideas are widely accepted today, the notion that species could have evolved from an entirely different species outraged those who believed that all living creatures were created by God.

Thesis:It is better to determine one’s own views of right and wrong than follow the crowd.

Subject:Thomas Panie & Susan B. Anthony

Detail:

At the beginning of the American Revolution,the American colonies were,with hesitancy and troublesome doubts,moving toward independence.Few people favored complete independence,while others,firmly believed in conservative thoughts,wished to send more petitions and appeals to the King.At that time,Thomas Paine appealed the colonies to separate themselves from Britain and to make America one place in world where freedom and love of humankind could flourish.His famous pamphlet,Common Sense,was outspoken and cogent,piercing to the truth with a single pertinent remark.It impressed deeply upon everyone’s mind that his belief had become one of the most important ideologies of the American Revolution.

Although I am not a feminist,I admire Susan B. Anthony for her daring to hold on to her view even being mocked cruely by her contemporaries.A tireless civil rights worker,Anthony devoted her life to the work which guranteed women’s basic right,including suffrage and equal protestions under law.She believed that”men and women are created equal”and persevered unremittingly in opening doors and expanding acceptable modes of behavior for women.In the patriarchy socity of her time,people considered her unladylike and ridiculous.However,19th Amendment to the Constitution gives women’s rights to vote which established Susan B. Anthony as a bold revolutionary feminist in history.
Examples also serves: People should take more responsibility for solving problems that affect their communities or the nation in general.

SAT写作素材

Theme:honest

Thesis:Honest is the best policy.

Subject:Watergate scandal

Detail:

Watergate scandal initiated a prolonged crisis of confidence and renewed public cynicism toward a government that had systematically lied to the people and violated their civil liberties. A 1974 poll asked people how much faith they had in the executive branch of government. Only 14 percent answered “a great deal”; 43 percent said “hardly any.” Restoring credibility and respect became the primary challenge facing Nixon’s successors. Unfortunately, a new array of economic and foreign crisis would make that task doubly difficult.

Sometimes it is necessary, and even desirable, for public leaders to withhold information from the public in order to further the public’s ultimate interests, in the sense that fully disclosing to the public certain types of information would threaten public safety and perhaps even national security. For example, if the President were to disclose the government’s strategies for thwarting specific plans of an international terrorist or a drug, those strategies would surely fail, and the public’s health and safety would be compromised as a result. Withholding information might also be necessary to avoid public panic. During the first few hours of the new millennium the U.S. Pentagon’s missile defense system experienced a Y2K-related malfunction. This fact was withheld form the public until later in the day, once the problem had been solved, since immediate disclosure would have served no useful purpose and might even have resulted in mass hysteria.

 

Theme: Change

Thesis: The world isn’t always changing for better.

Subject 1: Environment pollution & Economic inequality

Since the Industrial Revolution,our encironment has been in imminent danger.For example,a dramatic summer drought helped public focus their attentions on the greenhouse effect,a general warming of temperature on Earth,which is caused by an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide released by burning fossil fuels like coals,gasoline products and rapid deforestation.Along with the rapid technology advance is the emergence of acid rain,ecological wasteland and natural disasters such as flood and hurricane. Not only to encironment,but also to some people changes in today’s seemly progressive world are not always good.The booming America saw a growing economic inequality.In 2004,number of millionaire household in America increased by 14% as the number of people living below the poverty line rose to about 37 million,including 15 million children.The annual budget passed by Congress in 2005 severely cut programs essential to strggling families,including child assistance and medicaid funding for the poor.Left in such desperate condition, the poor could hardly appreciate these changes

Subject 2 : Technology changes

Detail: In a culture which emails,cell phones and internet chat room have become everyday modes of communication,we are on the verge of breaking down all barriers to the complete and constant transfer of information.But if we seem to be moving toward unfetter union,we could also be seen more isolated as individuals than we have ever been before. Changes in technology definitely make our lives easier,as shopping at home becomes easier than driving to the store,as meeting people online eliminates the need to spend a lot of time traveling,and as faxing someone a blueprint gets rid of necessity of meeting to disscuss a plan.However,the very techonology that purports to make connections and bring people closer together is helping them drift apart.One can absolutely recall some scenes which you was sitting alone in your bedroom busily talking to someone on msn whild rejecting the proposal to shop with your families or you was having lunch with friends while talking to someone else on your cellphones.All these convenient technologies including online services that prevent us from going out and meeting a real person,and cellphones that reduce the real human interaction,do not necessarily make us better.

 

Theme:both sides of an issue

Thesis:Everything has its benefit and its drawback

Subject:The Crusades

Detail: The Crusades, profoundly altering European history, were a series of attacks organized by Western Christians in order to take control of the holy city of Jerusalem from Muslim powers. Although they generally failed in their chief purpose, the Crusades exercised an immense influence on Western civilization by bringing the West into closer contact with new ways of living and thinking--stimulating commerce, giving fresh impetus to literature and invention, and increasing geographical knowledge.

Example also serves:It is really impossible to fail.

Theme:both sides of an issue

Thesis:Everything has its benefit and its drawback

Subject:The Crusades

Detail: The Crusades, profoundly altering European history, were a series of attacks organized by Western Christians in order to take control of the holy city of Jerusalem from Muslim powers. Although they generally failed in their chief purpose, the Crusades exercised an immense influence on Western civilization by bringing the West into closer contact with new ways of living and thinking--stimulating commerce, giving fresh impetus to literature and invention, and increasing geographical knowledge.

Example also serves:It is really impossible to fail.